Indonesia

Indonesia

Official language: Bahasa Indonesia

Population: 257 million (2015)

Economic snapshot: Member of G-20 major economies

IP snapshot: 347% increase in local originating filings (2000–2014)

 

STRUCTURE OF ECONOMY:

Agriculture (food crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries), Processed food industry, Mining (oil and gas, quarrying), Manufacture (petroleum refining, natural gas, food, beverages, paper, printing, electrical appliances, industrial chemicals, fertilizers, rubber, iron, steel, machinery, wood products and medical instruments and appliances), Communication (IT infrastructure, services, electronics), Finance (banking, business services, real estate).

IP CONVENTIONS:

Paris convention, Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT).

TYPES OF PATENTS:

  1. National Patents (term: 20 years from filing date),
  2. Petty patents* (term: 10 years from filing date) (*no inventive step- for products only).

PCT APPLICATIONS:

National Phase Entry Deadline is 31 month from priority date. Possible extension to 43 months (upon payment of additional fees and evidence to explain reason of delay (thus extension not by right – “unintentional” standard), Name and nationality of inventor and applicant.

FORMAL REQUIREMENTS AFTER FILING:

Statement of Entitlement, Assignment (original or notarised copy), Power of Attorney (no general POA), Indonesian translation of specification (30 days from National Phase entry date, including claims, abstract, description of invention and any amendments made during the international phase).

NOVELTY:

Absolute

ACCELERATED/EXPEDITED EXAMINATION:

  1. Relying on granted claims of a selected foreign corresponding application.
  2. ASEAN Patent Examination Co-operation (ASPEC).
  3. PCT-PPH with JPO.

NON-PATENTABLE SUBJECT MATTER:

  1. Any product or process that would be contrary to law, religion, public order or morality.
  2. Methods of treatment, examination, medication or surgery applied to a human or animal body. However, products for use in such methods are patentable (i.e., Swiss-style use claims are acceptable).
  3. Scientific theories, aesthetic creations, schemes, mathematical methods, and rules and methods on computer programs.
  4. Living creatures (e.g., human beings, animals and plants), except microorganisms.